A culturally diverse country is South Africa indeed, one nation made up of many different cultures. A country with 11 official languages, skin tones ranging from sunburnt pink to ebony, a multiplicity of traditions.
South African children are heavily influenced by their level of living conditions unluckily they have to adapt to widely diverse circumstances. Although youngsters cope without being wealthy, they do have several household chores to assist the family way of living including looking after younger siblings, fetching water, taking animals to graze, look after crops and gathering firewood, or helping to raise crops in the family’s fields. Many children do not lead happy lives there is a very robust age ladder which acts to the disadvantage of children.
Adults unable to find work is the main reason why children become the main source of income, some beg, hawk goods find items on rubbish dumps to sell or slave in the fields. Children are also sent to relatives/non-related adults, to work as farming assistants, servants of domestic servants. They may be treated kindly, some or abuse them, children often have not much prospect of getting help.
According to the World Bank poverty means people whose income is less than 75p – £1.50 a day. 75p typically not enough money per day to pay for food, clothing, clean water or shelter needed to survive or have reasonable health.
Demographics of South Africa is that it had a population in 2014 of approx. 54 million people, its unemployment is sky high at well over 25%, over the last years youth unemployment is at a shockingly high 50%. Well over half of the South Africa people are classified as poor. Live expectancy of females are 61.4 years, 57.7 for males. Looking at age distribution 7.8% of the population is older than 60 and one third is younger than 15 years. Even worse statistics is that HIV/Aids prevalence is 11% of the total population. In 2013, 5.26 million were estimated to live with HIV which makes up almost 16% of the population according to Statistics SA. In every 1000 births 41.7 % are live births.
A high 32% of household spending goes to electricity, housing, water, fuel and gas. Food & non-alcoholic beverages spending is 13% account and transport costs takes away from families an amount to 17%.
80% of South Africans are Christians including Zionists, Catholics, Methodists, Catholics, Dutch and Anglicans. Smaller groups include Hindus 1.3%, Muslims 1.5%, and Jews 0.2% as well.
White Afrikaaners, are mainly from French, Dutch and German descent, they exercise many of their traditions and the Afrikaaner culture is still very evident.
Crime infestation is due to mainly illegal immigrants and foreign Africans, many from neighbouring unrest-ridden countries such as Somalia, Congo and Angola plus Nigera.
Protest actions, strikes, are certainly increasing, unrests, and service delivery protests and are aimed at the provincial, local, and national governments due to nonfulfillment of false promises made before. Most blacks live in townships in poor conditions, whites in caravan parks and crimes happens in the ambiances of basic amenities, such as health institutions and educational institutions.
Many fled South Africa, from 11 million whites before elections took place the number have dropped to just about 4 million. The South African currency is not performing well against the US dollar or UK pound and currently over 50 murders takes place daily according to statistics.